Its popular name comes from the fact that Native American populations are said to have used its straight stems as arrow shafts. We use cookies to personalise content, analyse website performance and for advertising purposes. Therefore, annual pruning at the right time of the growing season is necessary to keep the arrowwood viburnum nicely shaped and in place. Two types of arrowwood viburnum sold at garden centers that are known for their glossy leaves are: Other common names arrowwood 'Aurora' . Arrowwood (Viburnum carlesii): learn and get advice on how to grow, care, plant, prune, water, mulch, repot, check on, identify. Should I consider hard pruning to restore it and encourage more grow... Arrowwood viburnum--pruning for overgrown? Viburnum pragense is an evergreen viburnum that occasionally drops its leaves during a cold winter. Joanne Marie began writing professionally in 1981. For example, to help fill an empty spot, cut just ahead of a bud that's facing toward the space. Arrowwood viburnum gets its name from the fact that Native American tribes used the straight branches of this shrub to make arrow shafts. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Another reason for pruning Viburnums such as Viburnum Arrowwood is to re-define the plant’s definition within the landscape. Although you can remove damaged branches or trim a small twig or two on a viburnum at any time without risk to the plant, it's best to avoid any major pruning during late summer or early fall. In many cases, pruning just after flowering but before the setting of seedpods is sufficient. They are not edible for humans, however. Keeping up appearances… Arrowwood Viburnum—also known as Southern Arrowwood—is a stunning shrub that is widely used for hedges, screens, or as a stand-alone landscape specimen. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/prune-arrowwood-viburnum-51713.html The best trimming method depends partly on your goal. If you prune in fall, cold winter temperatures can damage new growth, potentially harming the plant and slowing its growth the next season. Synonyms Viburnum carlesii 'Donard Pink' . The arrowwood’s dense foliage and multiple-stemmed growth pattern make good harbor for bird nests. Most viburnums are hardy, frost-resistant plants -- for example, the arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8 -- where colder parts of its range can experience winter temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit. Of course, much of viburnum pruning depends on the variety grown too. The deciduous arrowwood viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) grows easily in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Shape the growth above this point as a treetop. Her work has appeared in health, medical and scientific publications such as Endocrinology and Journal of Cell Biology. It typically has a height and spread of 6-15 ft. exist. They reach a height of six to 15 feet, with a similar spread. The Arrowwood is a native to the eastern U.S. No garden should be without it. When to Prune Viburnum. If you trim a plant in winter or early spring, you'll remove some of these flower buds and lessen flowering for the current season. Whenever you cut back stems, the plant receives signals for new growth and, in response, sends out tender young shoots at cutting points. Make slanted cuts at the desired length with a pruning shear or knife, wiping your blade with rubbing alcohol between cuts to prevent spreading plant diseases. When this happens, pruning is your tool of choice to rejuvenate the plant. In early to mid-summer, the plant is smothered with a profusion of creamy-white flowers, followed by remarkably intense azure-blue berries in late summer and fall. Find help and information on Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' Arrowwood 'Pink Dawn', including varieties and pruning advice. It is often used as a hedge or natural screen in landscaping. Family Adoxaceae . The best trimming method depends partly on your goal. Next, add a 2-inch layer of mulch such as straw or shredded bark, to help conserve soil moisture and keep down weeds that compete for soil nutrients. After you've trimmed a viburnum, keeping the plant well-watered helps stimulate new growth and avoids stressing the shrub. If the shrub just needs a bit of shaping, cut back overly long branches or any that are growing in an awkward direction. You can prune a viburnum in late winter or early spring, before new growth appears. The best time to prune is after flowering. Find help and information on Viburnum x burkwoodii 'Mohawk' Arrowwood, including varieties and pruning advice. Best in full sun to part shade.The shallow, fibrous root system benefits with a light layer of mulch to moderate soil temperature fluctuation and conserve moisture.Renewal pruning and heading back may be necessary to keep this suckering plant in bounds. Remove all other stems at ground level and remove any side stems below a point of your choosing. If no new leaves appear on stems, wait another week or two before pruning. Viburnums are notoriously tough plants that require very little special maintenance and care. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Fine Gardening: Troubleshooting Viburnums, University of Minnesota Extension: Pruning Flowering Shrubs to Maximize Bloom, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Pruning Shrubs, U.S. Department of Agriculture: Plant Hardiness Zone Map. Adding a layer of compost also helps increase the fertility of the soil. But a viburnum blooms on "old" wood -- this means branches that grow during the summer develop flower buds for the following spring. She has also published in hobbyist offerings such as The Hobstarand The Bagpiper. Its most notable feature is the glossy dark green foliage and its performance in warmer zones from 6 south. Southern Arrowwood performs best with occasional pruning to maintain shape and rejuvenate the plant. Although they usually grow naturally into well-formed plants, with varieties ranging in height from 2 to 30 feet, some pruning might be in order to shape a viburnum or to keep its size within bounds. Noteworthy Characteristics Viburnum dentatum , commonly called arrowwood viburnum, is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10' tall with a similar spread, but may reach a … Provide supplemental water during dry spells, aiming for one inch of water weekly, including rain. Its clusters of tiny white flowers appear in late spring. Grow in full sun or partial shade, in a moist, well-drained soil. In many cases, pruning just after flowering but before the setting of … In addition, the flowers, if pollinated by a neighboring shrub, give way to blue-black berries in the autumn that birds love to feed on. Clip the new stems, or suckers, at the base of the arrowwood viburnum shrub as soon as they appear to keep the bush from spreading. Cut all the stems of an older, unruly arrowwood shrub that has not had regular pruning almost to ground level in early spring before new growth appears to rejuvenate it. Other common names arrowwood 'Eskimo' . Find help and information on Viburnum dentatum Southern arrowwood Arrowwood, including varieties and pruning advice. If you don’t want the plant to spread into a large thicket, keep the suckers at the base pruned away. Viburnum dentatum 'Christom'. This woody, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub has a rounded shape and grows 5 to 9 feet tall and wide. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Viburnum dentatum is native from Maine to Florida, east to Texas and north to Iowa. This allows you to plan its future growth and maintain it with proper, annual pruning in subsequent years. Make slanted cuts at the desired length with a pruning shear or knife, wiping your blade with rubbing alcohol between cuts to prevent spreading plant diseases. How to Trim a Mature Pomegranate Tree or Bush, Missouri Botanical Garden: Viburnum Dentatum, University of Illinois Extension: Prune Shrubs on a Regular Basis, How to Shape a Camellia Japonica Pink Perfection Plant. Mulches of shredded pine or hemlock keep the roots cool and moist, but too much mulch piled against the trunk creates entry points for insects and diseases and encourages the bark to rot. Whenever you cut back stems, the plant receives signals for new growth and, in response, sends out tender young shoots at cutting points. If you prune after the buds form, you reduce the flowers for the following year. You can also help determine the direction of new shoots by cutting just ahead of a bud or side branch that's facing where you want new growth to appear. Arrowwood viburnum is a multi-stemmed, flowering, deciduous shrub that typically grows up to 6’ to 10’ feet tall and often has a similar spread. This pruning schedule leaves enough time for new growth with buds for the following spring's flowers to develop before winter arrives. It is shown to be hardy in the zones from 3-7 and has a medium to fast growth rate depending on controlling grasses around a newly planted plant. While light pruning can be performed anytime throughout the year, it’s best to leave any major shearing or severe pruning for late winter or early spring. Dozens of different viburnums (Viburnum spp.) This rounded shrub grows 6 to 10 feet high or more with a spread just as big. A detailed explanation of the benefits, techniques and results associated with dormant pruning of deciduous shrubs. Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum) For prices and sizes click here. Spread a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch around the base of the arrowwood viburnum that tapers off toward the trunk. Arrowwood Viburnum (Viburnum dentatum) is a rounded deciduous shrub typically matures between 6 and 10 feet tall and wide, making it an ideal plant for hedging.Under optimum growing conditions, the shrub can reach a height of 15 feet, so it could potentially … To preserve the spring blooms, you can trim the plant in late spring or early summer, shortly after it drops its flowers. Nice shaped rounded shrub. If the viburnum has become too large or is old and needs renewing, you can cut back about a third of its branches the first year, repeating the process for the next two years until you've trimmed the entire shrub. Do not remove more than one-third of the entire shrub during pruning. If you trim a plant in winter or early spring, you'll remove some of these flower buds and lessen flowering for the current season. Most are deciduous shrubs with attractive, often fragrant white flowers in spring, followed by red-to-purple fruits and colorful foliage in the fall. All Rights Reserved. Do not eat the berries of the arrowwood because they can upset your stomach. Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries It has white flowers which are borne in June, followed by clusters of blue-black berries and reddish-purple foliage in fall. It has toothed leaves and small, creamy white flowers in May to June that mature to bluish black spherical fruits. Of course, much of viburnum pruning depends on the variety grown too. Prune as needed immediately after flowering. Downy arrowwood is a little known native viburnum that has ornamental characteristics similar to the more commonly planted southern arrowwood. It has a significant amount of arrowwood viburnum, with long drooping branches that touch the ground. Spread compost on the ground under the plant, as far out as the edge of its canopy. Many times, a plant may outgrow its intended size in the landscape, and must be pruned to re-define its purpose. Mow the suckers when you mow the lawn or snip them individually with sharp pruning shears. Click here to find out more. With this timing, cuts you've made to its branches heal quickly as soon as the plant starts growing, while insects that might attack the fresh wounds are mostly still dormant. Marie is a certified master gardener and has a Ph.D. in anatomy from Temple University School of Medicine. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Also a photographer, she records adventures by camera, combining photos with journals in her blogs. Click here to find out more. ‘Emerald Lustre’ – This plant is a selection of Viburnum bracteatum, which is closely allied or identical to V. dentatum. However, when grown in optimum conditions, it may grow up to 15’ feet tall. Click here to find out more. It typically grows in areas with full sun to part shade in average, well-drained soil. Karren Doll Tolliver holds a Bachelor of English from Mississippi University for Women and a CELTA teaching certificate from Akcent Language School in Prague. Viburnum dentatum Blue Muffin® (Arrowwood Viburnum) is a compact, upright, deciduous shrub of rounded habit with a foliage of shiny green leaves, that turn shades of purple-red and gold in fall. In autumn, these bushes bear not only attractive, reddish fall foliage, but also bluish berries. Plant arrowwood viburnum in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Buy Viburnum x bodnantense 'Dawn' from Sarah Raven: This viburnum is a winter-flowering garden classic with incredible scent. Family Adoxaceae . Prune the upper stems of the arrowwood viburnum with sharp pruning shears or loppers within two weeks after it flowers in the summer because buds for the following year’s flowers will form during the summer. You can prune a viburnum in late winter or early spring, before new growth appears. Remove the oldest stems near the base to open the inside of the shrub and promote new growth, air circulation and light penetration. Train a young or rejuvenated arrowwood shrub into a small tree shape by selecting a strong, straight branch as a central trunk. Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or … Her latest book, "A Travel for Taste: Germany," was published in 2015. While light pruning can be performed anytime throughout the year, it’s best to leave any major shearing or severe pruning for late winter or early spring. Is this considered overgrown? Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs; Wall-side Borders; Weather exposure. Although you can remove damaged branches or trim a small twig or two on a viburnum at any time without risk to the plant, it's best to avoid any major pruning during late summer or early fall. The Arrowwood Viburnum is a native plant that is a multi-stemmed, rounded shrub with dark green, glossy foliage. Choosing the best time for trimming can help ensure a good result. Fungal leaf spots typically occur during warm, moist summer months, and initially will occur on older foliage. Viburnum carlesii (Arrowwood) will reach a height of 2m and a spread of 2m after 5-10 years. Flowers on old stems, prune after flowering. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research." When to prune Viburnum pragense after a hard winter is after new growth starts appearing. May be difficult to find in local nurseries. 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